Recap of Habakkuk

Yesterday we wrapped up the book of Habakkuk.  There is so much to observe and learn from this short but powerful book.

We have spent 17 brief moments together looking at Habakkuk’s distress about his land and God’s people, and God’s reply back to him.  And it feels like we have just scratched the surface of what there is to learn about the Lord, and our human condition.

What Habakkuk saw in his day, we see in our day as well.  Habakkuk saw the injustice, the lawlessness, the paralyzed indifference of those who are sworn to uphold the good and the right.  Habakkuk saw this for Judah.  We see it in every corner of the world today.

Like Habakkuk, we often complain bitterly to the Lord… “Why don’t you do something?”

When we complain, we must ask ourselves why we are complaining.  Is it because:

  • We cannot control the lives or actions of others?
  • Minor injustices have become major, and we can no longer ignore them?
  • Our own comfort or convenience has been interrupted or upset?

Too often, our complaints are rooted in our own selfishness.  I say this reflectively, not judging you, but looking at my own life in the mirror.

When I lay aside my selfishness, and allow God’s love to compel me, the reason for my complaints change.  Now I have the same love for others that God does, the same heart for people that He exhibited on the cross, the same desire to point others toward Christ.

And that mind shift, that change in perspective, changes everything.

There is so much to walking with the Lord, captured in both the Old and New Testaments.  But yet, the Lord refines everything down to this one little sentence fragment:

“… But the righteous will live by his faith.”
(Habakkuk 2:4b NASB)

When we keep first things first and focus on the Lord, all the other issues of life work themselves out.  Either the matter is resolved, or we discover that the matter is no longer of first importance in our lives, and must take a back seat to our pursuit of knowing God and walking with Him by faith.

Habakkuk had no promise of life getting any better in his days; in fact, the Lord said it was about to get much worse.  Habakkuk did not run and hide, nor did he complain.

Remember Habakkuk’s summary of what he expected, and how he responded:

17 Though the fig tree should not blossom
And there be no fruit on the vines,
Though the yield of the olive should fail
And the fields produce no food,
Though the flock should be cut off from the fold
And there be no cattle in the stalls,
18 Yet I will exult in the Lord,
I will rejoice in the God of my salvation.
(Habakkuk 3:17-18 NASB)

May we see the Lord as our strength, just as Habakkuk did, able to navigate like the deer in the rocky, unstable, hard places of life.  May we rely on His power to have steady feet as we walk in obedience to the Lord, hearing His voice and following Him in faith.


Habakkuk 3:16-19

16 I heard and my inward parts trembled,
At the sound my lips quivered.
Decay enters my bones,
And in my place I tremble.
Because I must wait quietly for the day of distress,
For the people to arise who will invade us.
17 Though the fig tree should not blossom
And there be no fruit on the vines,
Though the yield of the olive should fail
And the fields produce no food,
Though the flock should be cut off from the fold
And there be no cattle in the stalls,
18 Yet I will exult in the Lord,
I will rejoice in the God of my salvation.
19 The Lord God is my strength,
And He has made my feet like hinds’ feet,
And makes me walk on my high places.

For the choir director, on my stringed instruments.
(Habakkuk 3:16-19 NASB)

Today, Habakkuk reflects on what he has seen and heard from the Lord.  Yesterday, Habakkuk addressed the Lord directly, worshipping God for all He had done in the past, was doing in the present, and will do in the future.

Today, Habakkuk returns to first person narrative.  In your mind’s eye, imagine being Habakkuk.  The Lord has just shown you what He is about to do in your lifetime, in your country, with your fellow citizens.  And it takes your breath away.  But in God’s wrath, you see His mercy, salvation, and upholding His everlasting covenants He made with you and every other Israelite.  You have addressed God one-on-one, and He has answered you, not once, but twice.

Habakkuk shares his response to all this news of God’s plans.  Notice the physical reaction that happens:  his stomach churns, he is unable to speak, his legs give way as he can no longer stand.  All he can do is sit and wait on the Lord.

Obviously, Habakkuk wrote the first sentence of verse 16 at a later time, as he was unable to write when he felt the full gravity and implications of God’s plans.

The second sentence of verse 16 shows Habakkuk snapping back to the present: broken in spirit, humbled, and waiting on the Lord, and for His day of judgment upon the land and inhabitants of Judah.

Verses 17 and 18 go together, as Habakkuk reflects on the future condition of his beloved homeland, and his response to those circumstances.  As Habakkuk reveals his thoughts real time, we see him deciding right then and there to honor and worship the Lord regardless of what happens.  Even utter desolation of the land and its people could not sway Habakkuk to take his eyes and focus off the Lord.

Habakkuk finishes his thoughts by acknowledging that his strength comes from the Lord.  Habakkuk is powerless to change the course of future events and knows that the Lord is his only power and protection and hope.  By God’s strength, Habakkuk will not only be able to stand again, but to walk as sure-footed as the deer on the barren rocky mountain crags and peaks.

May we, like Habakkuk, see and realize:

  • God’s greatness and our smallness
  • God’s strength and our weakness
  • God’s security and our unprotected vulnerability
  • God’s provision and our poverty
  • God’s completeness and our brokenness
  • God’s majesty and our humility
  • God’s righteousness and our sin
  • God’s love that covers us just as we are, where we are.


Habakkuk 3:8-15

Did the Lord rage against the rivers,
Or was Your anger against the rivers,
Or was Your wrath against the sea,
That You rode on Your horses,
On Your chariots of salvation?
Your bow was made bare,
The rods of chastisement were sworn. Selah.
You cleaved the earth with rivers.
10 The mountains saw You and quaked;
The downpour of waters swept by.
The deep uttered forth its voice,
It lifted high its hands.
11 Sun and moon stood in their places;
They went away at the light of Your arrows,
At the radiance of Your gleaming spear.
12 In indignation You marched through the earth;
In anger You trampled the nations.
13 You went forth for the salvation of Your people,
For the salvation of Your anointed.
You struck the head of the house of the evil
To lay him open from thigh to neck. Selah.
14 You pierced with his own spears
The head of his throngs.
They stormed in to scatter us;
Their exultation was like those
Who devour the oppressed in secret.
15 You trampled on the sea with Your horses,
On the surge of many waters.
(Habakkuk 3:8-15 NASB)

In today’s passage, Habakkuk continues to worship the Lord.

Notice the shift in today’s section.  Habakkuk goes from speaking about God to speaking directly to God.  This is really a huge step of faith for Habakkuk.  He has heard the power and majesty of God, and knowing the coming judgment of God in his lifetime, Habakkuk worships God and addresses God as one person would talk to another person.

Habakkuk starts out with a rhetorical question, asking God why He is riding out in war. Is God angry at nature? Is God taking out His vengeance and wrath on the rivers and the seas?  The answer is obviously “no”.  Remember in verse 2, Habakkuk clearly knew that God was going to display His wrath at all the injustice and wrongdoing, both to the people of Judah as well as the Babylonians.

In verse 8, Habakkuk is remembering how God used nature (crossing the Red Sea from Egypt, corring the Jordan river into the Promised land) to provide salvation to His people and defeat the enemy.

In verse 9, Habakkuk pictures God as a mighty warrior.  Habakkuk says that God’s arrows and rods (fighting sticks) are commissioned.  Our modern-day equivalent would be the western good guy – bad guy movies where the good guy says to the bad guy, “I have a bullet with your name on it.”

Habakkuk goes on to describe God’s wrath as a violent thunderstorm that produces flash floods, and literally “splits the earth”, turning a beautiful stream into a raging torrent, washing out everything in its path.

In verse 10, Habakkuk describes the reaction of God’s creation to His coming wrath.  The mountains writhed in pain, like a woman giving birth, and the seas groaned deeply and lifted their waves in distress.

In verse 11, Habakkuk remembers when God made the sun stand still as He fought for His people (Joshua 10:12-14).

Verse 12 shows God’s judgment and wrath poured out.  While this verse is written like it already happened, some say this verse refers to the Flood of Noah’s time.  Most scholars, however, attribute this to the end times yet to come, when God will do battle with all the forces of evil, as described in Revelation.

Verse 13 shows God protecting His people according to His covenants, and vanquishing the enemy.

Verse 14 describes God as taking the enemy’s weapons out of their hands and using those same weapons to defeat them.  This verse shows the boldness and power of God, killing the leaders of the enemy right in front of the troops, while everyone stood by, powerless to do anything.

Verse 15 shows the enormity and power of God, where the oceans are like big puddles to God – He rides His horses through them and there is a big splash, but it does not stop God from rescuing and protecting His own.

May you take time to worship the Lord today, praising Him for His power, righteousness, justice, and salvation, singing His praises along with Habakkuk.


Habakkuk 3:3-7

God comes from Teman,
And the Holy One from Mount Paran. Selah.
His splendor covers the heavens,
And the earth is full of His praise.
His radiance is like the sunlight;
He has rays flashing from His hand,
And there is the hiding of His power.
Before Him goes pestilence,
And plague comes after Him.
He stood and surveyed the earth;
He looked and startled the nations.
Yes, the perpetual mountains were shattered,
The ancient hills collapsed.
His ways are everlasting.
I saw the tents of Cushan under distress,
The tent curtains of the land of Midian were trembling.
(Habakkuk 3:3-7 NASB)

As we examine today’s passage, we see Habakkuk entering into deep praise and worship of the Lord.

Normally, I use the NIV translation to quote the Scripture passage we are studying for the day.  Today, I switched to the NASB because I felt it more accurately portrayed the passage’s truths.

As we look at this passage, it’s important to figure out the timeframe that Habakkuk was writing about.  Was he writing about the past, his present, or the future?

A few scholars think that Habakkuk’s words were time-bound to the past.  Most scholars, however, disagree with that viewpoint and see this section remembering the past, as well as pointing to the future.

First, let’s look at Habakkuk’s references to the past.  This first phrase (v. 3) is very similar to the beginning of Moses’ blessing he gave to the Israelites before his death:

“The Lord came from Sinai,
And dawned on them from Seir;
He shone forth from Mount Paran,
And He came from the midst of ten thousand holy ones;
At His right hand there was flashing lightning for them.
(Deuteronomy 33:2 NASB)

Habakkuk, like Moses, was remembering the Lord’s hand leading His people out of Egypt and into the Promised Land, surrounding them with His protection, provision, and love.  These landmarks (Sinai, Seir, Mount Paran, and Teman, Mount Paran) were descriptions of the general direction the Israelites followed out of Egypt and into the Promised Land.

How does Habakkuk’s passage relate to the future?  Many scholars believe this is a parallel passage to Isaiah 63:1-6, where the prophet Isaiah describes the path that the Lord will take in His second coming.

Notice that Habakkuk stops after the first two lines of his worship song and interjects the word “Selah”.  This word is used three times in Habakkuk’s worship song (v. 3, v. 9, v. 13).  The only other place this word is used is in the Psalms.  Psalmists use this term 71 times in the various Psalms.  “Selah” is a musical term, asking the worshiper to pause and ponder what was just said.  In this case, Habakkuk invites us to consider the majesty, glory, and righteousness of God – what He has done in the past as He led the Israelites out of Egypt and into the Promised Land, and how God promises to come back one day for His own, in all power, glory, and righteousness.

The rest of today’s passage reminds us that God is God, and He is sovereign over the universe.  Even the rocks and mountains, inanimate objects with no breath or soul or mind, cower in His presence (verse 6).

Habakkuk says that God’s presence is felt even among the ungodly that do not recognize Him or fear Him (v. 7).

Take some time and reflect on God’s power and righteousness reflected in Habakkuk’s thoughts today.  Be comforted as David was, as he reflected on God’s love and power and righteousness:

The Lord is my light and my salvation;
Whom shall I fear?
The Lord is the defense of my life;
Whom shall I dread?

(Psalm 27:1 NASB)


Habakkuk 3:1-2

Habakkuk’s Prayer

A prayer of Habakkuk the prophet. On shigionoth.

Lord, I have heard of your fame;
    I stand in awe of your deeds, Lord.
Repeat them in our day,
    in our time make them known;
    in wrath remember mercy.
(Habakkuk 3:1-2 NIV)

Today we begin Chapter 3 of Habakkuk’s dialogue with God.  Chapter 2 consisted of Habakkuk asking his second question of the Lord, and the Lord’s response.

As we ended chapter 2 yesterday, we saw the Lord’s pronouncement – that He is in His holy temple, and for all the earth to be silent before Him.

After some period of time, what was Habakkuk’s response?  More complaining?  More questions?  More demands of justice?

No.  Habakkuk’s mind went to only one thing – worship.

Habakkuk introduces chapter 3 as a prayer.  The meaning of the term “shigionoth” is not precisely known, but is generally accepted to be a musical term, indicating that the following text is like an ode or lyric set to music, similar to the Psalms.  If we jump to the bottom of chapter 3 (verse 19), we see Habakkuk making it clear that this prayer is to be sung and played with musical instruments.

So what kind of music was this to be?  A dirge or other sad music, like a funeral procession, since Judah was about to be overrun by the Babylonians?  A condemning “I told you so” song, since the people of Judah were under God’s wrath?  A frivolous “don’t worry, be happy” song, denying the problems at hand?

No – none of the above.  When I think of Habakkuk’s prayer, the hymn “It Is Well With My Soul” comes to mind.  This hymn is a quiet confidence and faith in God’s goodness and love, despite terrible circumstances.

Horatio Spafford, the man who wrote the lyrics to “It is Well”, was a prominent lawyer on Chicago during the 1800’s.  His business investments in various buildings and properties were mostly consumed during the Great Chicago Fire of 1871.  His wife and four daughters went ahead of him to Europe for a summer vacation, and their four daughters were drowned in a collision at sea; his wife alone survived.  His son (born after the accident) died of scarlet fever.  The church they attended, rather than supporting them in their grief, saw their tragedies as divine punishment.  But yet, Horatio and his wife kept their eyes focused on the Lord.

Habakkuk, despite all he knows will happen, has a single-minded focus on the Lord.  Habakkuk calls on the Lord to bring revival to the land of Judah.  Habakkuk calls on God to draw His people back to Himself.

His prayer request?  “In wrath remember mercy.”

May Habakkuk’s prayer also be ours -in our time, for our nation.


Habakkuk 2:20

20 The Lord is in his holy temple;
    let all the earth be silent before him.
(Habakkuk 2:20 NIV)

The Lord finishes His answer to Habakkuk’s second question with the above verse.

The LORD has spoken.

Enough said.


Habakkuk 2:18-19

18 “Of what value is an idol carved by a craftsman?
    Or an image that teaches lies?
For the one who makes it trusts in his own creation;
    he makes idols that cannot speak.
19 Woe to him who says to wood, ‘Come to life!’
    Or to lifeless stone, ‘Wake up!’
Can it give guidance?
    It is covered with gold and silver;
    there is no breath in it.”
(Habakkuk 2:18-19 NIV)

Today we are looking at the last of the five woes the Lord pronounced against the Babylonians.  In a word, that woe is idolatry.

The Babylonians worshipped themselves – the Lord said their strength was their god (chapter 1, verse 11).  In Daniel chapter 3 verse 1, King Nebuchadnezzar had made a gold image and made all the government officials bow down and worship it.  Most scholars think this was some sort of stylized likeness of Nebuchadnezzar.  This would essentially be Nebuchadnezzar declaring himself to be deity / god, and requiring all his minions to worship him as a sign of respect, loyalty, and submission.  We know the rest of that story – how Daniel’s three friends refused to worship the image and were thrown into the fiery furnace, and how God protected them.

Notice that the Lord does not start this section with the woe itself, but with human logic.  On either side of the woe, the Lord asks and answers questions about the idols that seem to defy basic human reasoning.

Prior to Habakkuk’s ministry, a similar scenario was carried out in the northern part of Israel.  In 1 Kings 18, Elijah had a showdown between God and the prophets of Baal on Mount Carmel.  Remember the questions Elijah asked the false prophets?

27 At noon Elijah began to taunt them. “Shout louder!” he said. “Surely he is a god! Perhaps he is deep in thought, or busy, or traveling. Maybe he is sleeping and must be awakened.”
(1 Kings 18:27 NIV)

As we have noted in previous passages, these woes were largely focused on the Babylonians, and the Lord was using the Babylonians to remind the people of Judah of their own sins.  In the parallel account of this same timeframe, the prophet Jeremiah records the Lord’s words against the people of Judah:

27 They say to wood, ‘You are my father,’
    and to stone, ‘You gave me birth.’
They have turned their backs to me
    and not their faces;
yet when they are in trouble, they say,
    ‘Come and save us!’
28 Where then are the gods you made for yourselves?
    Let them come if they can save you
    when you are in trouble!
For you, Judah, have as many gods
    as you have towns.
(Jeremiah 2:27-28 NIV)

So what do we put our faith and trust in today?  What do we look to deliver us from evil and destruction?

  • The government?
  • Our money?
  • Our possessions?
  • The military?
  • Our health?
  • Science?
  • Family?
  • Friends?

In verse 4, the Lord gives us all the direction and focus we need… “the righteous shall live by faith”.

May you be encouraged today by Psalm 46.  Take some time to worship the Lord for being in control.