Psalm 131

Psalm 131

A song of ascents. Of David.

My heart is not proud, Lord,
    my eyes are not haughty;
I do not concern myself with great matters
    or things too wonderful for me.
But I have calmed and quieted myself,
    I am like a weaned child with its mother;
    like a weaned child I am content.

Israel, put your hope in the Lord
    both now and forevermore.
(Psalm 131:1-3 NIV)

Charles Haddon Spurgeon, the prince of preachers, said of this psalm, “It is one of the shortest Psalms to read, but one of the longest to learn.” [C. H. Spurgeon, The Treasury of David, 3 vols. (reprint, Peabody, MA: Hendrickson Publishers, n.d.), 3/2:136.]

In this psalm, David focuses on contentment and security and abiding in relationship with the Lord.  As we look at verse 1, we see David humbly coming before the Lord, having already confessed his sin, repented, and found forgiveness in Psalm 130.

So what did David repent of?  Verse 1 gives us his list:

  • Pride
  • Envy
  • Self-righteous judgment of others
  • Unbridled ambition
  • Managing others for the sole purpose of self-promotion and achievement

George Washington Carver, the great scientist and researcher, told a similar story of his humbling and life calling before the Lord:

One day I went into my laboratory and said, “Dear Mr. Creator, please tell me what the universe was made for.” The Great Creator answered, “You want to know too much for that little mind of yours. Ask something more your size, little man.” Then I asked, “Please, Mr. Creator, tell me what man was made for.” Again the Great Creator replied, “You are still asking too much.” So then I asked, “Please, Mr. Creator, will you tell me why the peanut was made?” “That’s better,” God answered, “what do you want to know about the peanut?” “
(William Federer, George Washington Carver: His Life and Faith in his Own Words, (St. Louis, MO: Amerisearch, 2002). p. 35.)

So what propels us forward?  Is our purpose to honor God and His calling, or to selfishly seek our own fame and fortune and power?  Why do we do what we do?  What is our inner motivation?

Please note that David’s comments do not give us the freedom to do nothing and depend on others, nor do his comments allow us to run away from our problems, either physically or mentally or through self-medicating addictions like drugs, alcohol, work, pornography, or co-dependent human relationships.

In verse 2, David compares his contentment to that of a weaned child leaning against its mother.  Note that this contentment is learned and not instantaneous.  David says that he had calmed and quieted himself – he was no longer anxious and restless and demanding.

When a child is still on a milk diet, nursing from its mother, the child runs on instinct and self-seeking fulfillment.  When babies are hungry, they get fussy and cry and have a fit until their needs are met.  And newborns quickly learn where that nourishment comes from if they are being nursed by their mothers.  If the child is hungry, it begins rooting around and clamoring for nourishment from its mother’s breasts.

When the weaning process takes place, the child’s world is turned upside down.  The child’s source of nourishment changes from its mother’s breast to its mother’s hand.  The child cries, lifts up outstretched arms to its mother, and feels betrayed and denied.  And yet the mother knows that this is in the best interests of the child.

As we noted above, contentment is learned and not instantaneous.  We should also note that contentment is also learned and formed in a relationship.  The child has moved from nutritional dependence on its mother to relationship with its mother.  The child is at peace with simply sitting and resting beside its mother, content in knowing that its mother’s love and provision is sufficient to meet all its needs.

And how David’s description of a child with its mother so aptly pictures our relationship with the Lord as we grow and mature in our walk with Christ.  Our relationship with the Lord changes as we mature in Christ.  We no longer demand that God meet our needs, what we want from God.  We are now simply content to be with God, fully trusting that He knows our needs and loves us and will provide for us.

David concludes the psalm by instructing Israel to likewise put their trust and hope (dependence) on the Lord, both currently and forevermore (the unforeseeable future).  David knew the history of the Jewish people, how they had been dependent on Moses rather than God; David knew that he wanted to point the Israelites to the Lord as their great King who would be their provider and protector long after he was gone.

May we take David’s words to heart:

  • Confessing our pride before the Lord and seeking forgiveness
  • Asking the Lord to teach us contentment and dependence on Him
  • Praising the Lord for His protection and provision He gives now and forever
  • Pointing others to His sufficiency and love, not trying to be “god” to them

May this old hymn be your mindset and prayer today:

Be Still My Soul, sung by the group Selah



Psalm 26

Psalm 26

Of David.

Vindicate me, Lord,
    for I have led a blameless life;
I have trusted in the Lord
    and have not faltered.
Test me, Lord, and try me,
    examine my heart and my mind;
for I have always been mindful of your unfailing love
    and have lived in reliance on your faithfulness.

I do not sit with the deceitful,
    nor do I associate with hypocrites.
I abhor the assembly of evildoers
    and refuse to sit with the wicked.
I wash my hands in innocence,
    and go about your altar, Lord,
proclaiming aloud your praise
    and telling of all your wonderful deeds.

Lord, I love the house where you live,
    the place where your glory dwells.
Do not take away my soul along with sinners,
    my life with those who are bloodthirsty,
10 in whose hands are wicked schemes,
    whose right hands are full of bribes.
11 I lead a blameless life;
    deliver me and be merciful to me.

12 My feet stand on level ground;
    in the great congregation I will praise the Lord.
(Psalm 26:1-12 NIV)

As we read today’s psalm, we see David in some kind of distress, requesting God’s protection.  Historians can cite many such distressing occasions in David’s life, but none specifically to this particular psalm.

David begins by asking for God’s protection (v. 1).  David is more concerned about God’s reputation in all the accusations swirling around than his own.  David wants to be sure that he has not done anything to cause others to think less of the Lord.

In verses 2 – 3, we see that David was not self-righteously proclaiming his integrity in verse 1 because David asks the Lord to search his heart and mind for any unconfessed sin.  If the Lord points something out to David, he will confess the sin and deal with it.

David recounts his clear choices to live a life of integrity and avoid entanglement in those who make sinful choices (vv. 4-5).  David does not want to be associated with evildoers and those who have a wicked heart bent on doing what God has clearly said is sinful behavior.  David is not judging them; however, David is clearly making his choice to honor and obey God and not participate in sinful activities.

David does not claim to be perfect; he is clearly not sinless, but he is reconciled to God and stands innocent before the Almighty.  We see David needing to wash his hands (David recognizing and confessing and repenting of his sin, and God’s power to remove his sin).  But once David has confessed, repented, and been cleansed of his sin, he is now fit for service in the Lord’s house (vv. 6-7).

David loves being in God’s presence, abiding in God’s love like soaking in the sunshine on a warm spring day.  And David feels closest to God in God’s house, the tabernacle, where God’s glory resides among His people (v. 8).

David pleads with God to not be swept away when God purges the evildoers from the land.  David knows that the pull of sin is strong, and it would be easy to give in to the “easy life” and all its selfish pleasures rather than walk with God in humility and obedience (vv. 9-11).

But David chooses to walk with the Lord, to be counted among the faithful spending his time praising the Lord in God’s house.  David is resting in the Presence and protection of the Lord with others of like mind and heart.

May we have David’s same attitude of abiding in God’s Presence, protection, and love for us, choosing to shun evil and walk with integrity.

May we invite the Lord to examine our hearts and minds and confess and repent of any sins the Lord points out so we are fit for His service, to be used by God for His glory.

This is the day the Lord has made – let us rejoice and be glad in it.



Psalm 27

Psalm 27

Of David.

The Lord is my light and my salvation—
    whom shall I fear?
The Lord is the stronghold of my life—
    of whom shall I be afraid?

When the wicked advance against me
    to devour me,
it is my enemies and my foes
    who will stumble and fall.
Though an army besiege me,
    my heart will not fear;
though war break out against me,
    even then I will be confident.

One thing I ask from the Lord,
    this only do I seek:
that I may dwell in the house of the Lord
    all the days of my life,
to gaze on the beauty of the Lord
    and to seek him in his temple.
For in the day of trouble
    he will keep me safe in his dwelling;
he will hide me in the shelter of his sacred tent
    and set me high upon a rock.

Then my head will be exalted
    above the enemies who surround me;
at his sacred tent I will sacrifice with shouts of joy;
    I will sing and make music to the Lord.

Hear my voice when I call, Lord;
    be merciful to me and answer me.
My heart says of you, “Seek his face!”
    Your face, Lord, I will seek.
Do not hide your face from me,
    do not turn your servant away in anger;
    you have been my helper.
Do not reject me or forsake me,
    God my Savior.
10 Though my father and mother forsake me,
    the Lord will receive me.
11 Teach me your way, Lord;
    lead me in a straight path
    because of my oppressors.
12 Do not turn me over to the desire of my foes,
    for false witnesses rise up against me,
    spouting malicious accusations.

13 I remain confident of this:
    I will see the goodness of the Lord
    in the land of the living.
14 Wait for the Lord;
    be strong and take heart
    and wait for the Lord.
(Psalm 27:1-14 NIV)

In this wonderful psalm, we see David addressing a problem common to all of us:  fear.

We often think of David as fearless – after all, as a youth, he confronted and killed a bear and a lion when they tried to take one of his sheep.  And he confronted and killed Goliath, the giant Philistine who had been taunting and ridiculing the entire Israeli army for weeks.

But David did struggle with fear.  And in today’s text, we see David the private person share his thoughts and concerns, not David the public figure, not David the king.

When you and I face fear, what do we typically do?  Either try to run from it or build a “battle plan” to face it and address it head-on, right?  We try to deal with the fear in our own strength.

But David had a different approach.  He remembered God’s goodness, power, and protection in the past, and wrote down what God had done for him.  David was not filled with self-confidence, but rather, God-confidence (vv. 1 – 3).

In verses 4 – 6, notice what David asks for.  He does not ask for an immense army to protect him, or an impenetrable fortress to retreat into.  Rather, he presses deeply into the Lord, his refuge and strength.  Notice the pronouns that David uses in this section – “I”, “me”, “my” – personal words, not corporate words.  This is an entry from David’s personal diary, not the entries in the king’s daily activity log.

Verses 7 – 8 are David’s direct request of the Lord, and the Lord’s answer.  David simply asked for the Lord to hear him, not demanding God’s attention but requesting God’s mercy (v. 7).  The Lord answered, not audibly, but in David’s heart, quietly, in that small inner voice, God’s spirit, that said, “seek His face!”.  And David’s immediate response was that of simple compliance and obedience – “Your face, Lord, I will seek.”

Likewise, we are called to abide in the Lord, to seek His face and trust Him for the daily grind of life.  If God gave us the blueprint for our lives, we would either try to negotiate the bad parts out, or run ahead of Him and experience all the good stuff on our own.  Instead, we are called to walk with Him.

David feels alone and abandoned by everyone else (including his own parents), and asks God not to turn His face away because of David’s fearful heart.  David is confessing his sin of fear and lack of trust in the Lord during this difficult time.  Once again, David places His trust and confidence in the Lord (v. 10).

In verses 11 – 13, David asks the Lord to lead him through the tough times ahead.  David is not out of danger, but rather in the midst of it.  And David’s confidence is in God alone.

David concludes by reminding himself to wait for the Lord, to be strong in the Lord, to wait for the Lord’s leading, courage, and deliverance (v. 14).

May we take David’s words and plan to heart as we face our fears today.



Psalm 46

Psalm 46

For the director of music. Of the Sons of Korah. According to alamoth. A song.

God is our refuge and strength,
    an ever-present help in trouble.
Therefore we will not fear, though the earth give way
    and the mountains fall into the heart of the sea,
though its waters roar and foam
    and the mountains quake with their surging.

There is a river whose streams make glad the city of God,
    the holy place where the Most High dwells.
God is within her, she will not fall;
    God will help her at break of day.
Nations are in uproar, kingdoms fall;
    he lifts his voice, the earth melts.

The Lord Almighty is with us;
    the God of Jacob is our fortress.

Come and see what the Lord has done,
    the desolations he has brought on the earth.
He makes wars cease
    to the ends of the earth.
He breaks the bow and shatters the spear;
    he burns the shields with fire.
10 He says, “Be still, and know that I am God;
    I will be exalted among the nations,
    I will be exalted in the earth.”

11 The Lord Almighty is with us;
    the God of Jacob is our fortress.
(Psalm 46:1-11 NIV)

This psalm captures the psalmist’s complete confidence in God for any and all situations.

In verse 1, God is our refuge, our safe place of protection against whatever might happen.  And not only does God provide the safe place for us, He also is the guard stationed outside the door, whose strength is unmatched, and whom no one can overpower and break in.

God not only provides a safe place physically but also mentally.  The psalmist says that God is an ever-present help in trouble.  The idea here is that God provides peace of mind against fears, anxiety, and worry.  We can truly rest in Him.

So what kinds of things does the psalmist envision that the Lord would be able to protect us from?  Verse 2 says “though the earth give way” (earthquakes) and the “mountains fall into the heart of the sea”.  The second part, the mountains, may either be literal or allegorical, indicating that the most stable things we know such as mountains or world powers or any other thing which we assume will always be there.

Verse 3 speaks of waters of the sea surging and pounding against the sides of the mountains.  Against, this could be either literal or allegorical, indicating ocean turbulence, tidal waves, tsunamis, or wars, civil unrest, famine, and other human-related activity.  And even if the ground beneath our feet shifts, or the “mountains” of stability crumble, or the waters of natural disaster, war, famine, and other unrest happens, God is still God, and will protect us.

Verses 4 – 5 contrast all the unrest and upheaval with the peace and calm that God provides, as found in a simple water stream.  And this stream feeds and waters the city of God (Jerusalem), where God dwells among His people, in His house, the Tabernacle.

In verse 6, we see the sovereignty of God reigning over the affairs of humanity.  God simply speaks to bring about His will.

The psalmist then reminds us to put our dependence on God as our protector and provider, not cowering in fear, but to see what God is actively doing – bringing desolation (destruction) upon evil, even stopping wars and breaking up the instruments of war.

In the end, the psalmist quotes God as He declares His sovereignty, righteousness, and power over His creation.  God’s command to us is to “be still” – to be calm, relaxed, and in a trusting state of mind and body.

This command is not to have head knowledge of God.

Rather, it’s to “know that we know that we know”, in the deepest part of our being, in the depths of our soul, that God is sovereign and will protect and provide for us.

Does that mean that we will not experience danger, or hurts, or any kinds of trouble, that our lives will be all about our comfort and convenience?

Not at all.

In fact, quite the opposite.  Jesus told His disciples, “I have told you these things, so that in me you may have peace. In this world you will have trouble. But take heart! I have overcome the world.” (John 16:33 NIV)

The psalmist ends where he started – that God is with us, and that God is our fortress, our protector, and our provider.

May your heart be encouraged today, that whatever storm you may be experiencing, or whatever ground you are standing upon may be shifting and quaking, that God will guide you through and protect you if you will allow Him to do so.


Psalm 42

Psalm 42

For the director of music. A maskil of the Sons of Korah.

As the deer pants for streams of water,
    so my soul pants for you, my God.
My soul thirsts for God, for the living God.
    When can I go and meet with God?
My tears have been my food
    day and night,
while people say to me all day long,
    “Where is your God?”
These things I remember
    as I pour out my soul:
how I used to go to the house of God
    under the protection of the Mighty One
with shouts of joy and praise
    among the festive throng.

Why, my soul, are you downcast?
    Why so disturbed within me?
Put your hope in God,
    for I will yet praise him,
    my Savior and my God.

My soul is downcast within me;
    therefore I will remember you
from the land of the Jordan,
    the heights of Hermon—from Mount Mizar.
Deep calls to deep
    in the roar of your waterfalls;
all your waves and breakers
    have swept over me.

By day the Lord directs his love,
    at night his song is with me—
    a prayer to the God of my life.

I say to God my Rock,
    “Why have you forgotten me?
Why must I go about mourning,
    oppressed by the enemy?”
10 My bones suffer mortal agony
    as my foes taunt me,
saying to me all day long,
    “Where is your God?”

11 Why, my soul, are you downcast?
    Why so disturbed within me?
Put your hope in God,
    for I will yet praise him,
    my Savior and my God.
(Psalm 42:1-11 NIV)

Today’s psalm is a great model and reminder of abiding in the Lord through hard times.

The psalmist begins with a word picture of a deer wandering through the desert looking for water, panting in the heat and finding no refreshment, yet not giving up until it satisfies its basic life-sustaining need of water.

Do we have the same view of God as the deer has for water?  Do we see our relationship with the Lord as life-sustaining, that we can’t go on without it?

The psalmist deeply feels the mockery and ridicule of those around him as they question the whereabouts of this so-called “good God” that has seemingly abandoned him (v. 3).  The psalmist remembers the former days when the multitudes worshipped the Lord and he led the congregation in worship (v. 4).

In verse 5, the psalmist is able to take a break from his pain to objectively take a look at himself.  He is able to step outside his misery and search for the root cause of his current state of despair.

What do you do when you are down and discouraged?  Are you able to look beyond your feelings and find the root cause of the pain?  Sometimes being able to put a name on the feelings or pain or despair is the first step of healing.  When we recognize the deeper issue, we can then start dealing with it (or at least telling a trusted friend what we’re struggling with).

The psalmist then recalls God’s faithfulness in the past to his forefathers (v. 6), and God’s love and grace come flooding back, refreshing him like standing under a waterfall or being gently washed in the waves of the ocean (v. 7).

Yes, the ridicules of the enemy are still all around (v. 10), but the answer is not in the removal of the enemy and their taunts, but to place ultimate confidence in the Lord (v. 11).  This leads to the psalmist praising and worshipping the Lord, even if he is the only one.

May we remember God’s goodness and love as we navigate through hard times.

May we take the time to ask ourselves what’s going on inside of us, to put a name to the emotions and feelings so we can then express them and deal with them.

And may we place our confidence and trust in the Lord to carry us through the hard times, even with the ridicule of others still surrounding us.

When our focus is solely on Jesus, everything else becomes noise and fades into the background.

May you experience the same peace as the psalmist did as he focused solely on the Lord.



Jonah 4:5-11

Jonah had gone out and sat down at a place east of the city. There he made himself a shelter, sat in its shade and waited to see what would happen to the city. Then the Lord God provided a leafy plant and made it grow up over Jonah to give shade for his head to ease his discomfort, and Jonah was very happy about the plant. But at dawn the next day God provided a worm, which chewed the plant so that it withered.When the sun rose, God provided a scorching east wind, and the sun blazed on Jonah’s head so that he grew faint. He wanted to die, and said, “It would be better for me to die than to live.”

But God said to Jonah, “Is it right for you to be angry about the plant?”

“It is,” he said. “And I’m so angry I wish I were dead.”

10 But the Lord said, “You have been concerned about this plant, though you did not tend it or make it grow. It sprang up overnight and died overnight. 11 And should I not have concern for the great city of Nineveh, in which there are more than a hundred and twenty thousand people who cannot tell their right hand from their left—and also many animals?”
(Jonah 4:5-11 NIV)

In our previous time together, we saw that Jonah was angry that God had mercy on Nineveh after everyone in the city repented.  God appealed to Jonah and asked Jonah if he was angry because God did something good.  Jonah had a short memory of the kindness and grace that God had shown him when he was disobedient and repented… something about three days in the belly of the fish – how could he forget so soon?

In today’s text, Jonah leaves Nineveh and makes himself a little makeshift shelter just outside the city.  Jonah still has an unforgiving attitude toward the Ninevites.  Jonah doesn’t want the people of Nineveh redeemed and reconciled with God – he wants them dead.

Jonah was hoping that the Ninevites’ repentance was temporary and that God would see through their mascarade and change His mind again, destroying the Ninevites.  Instead of rejoicing in the entire city turning to the Lord, Jonah was harboring a grudge and still wanted God to judge the city and all its inhabitants.  And Jonah wanted a front row seat for the show.

So God decided to give Jonah another object lesson on grace.  The Lord raised up a leafy plant overnight, giving Jonah shelter from the harshness of the Middle Eastern sun.  The plant’s broad leaves provided shade and shelter over Jonah’s shelter.  Obviously, Jonah was extremely happy about the plant.

The first part of the lesson went well.  The second part, not so much.

The next day, the Lord then appointed a lowly worm to eat on the plant so that the plant died.  On top of the dead plant, the Lord stirred up a scorching east wind that made Jonah almost faint under the furnace-like heat.  The plant was gone, and Jonah’s shelter provided no relief, as the hot wind blew directly into the opening.

Once again, Jonah had a pity party and said he would be better off dead.

And once again, God questioned Jonah’s attitude, asking Jonah if he was justified in feeling sorry for himself.  Jonah was focused on himself and reiterated his feelings of anger, that he would be better off dead than to experience his current suffering.

The Lord then reminded Jonah that he had nothing to do with the plant – this was all God’s doing.  If God had shown grace to Jonah for 24 hours, how much more grace would He show to a city of 120,000 people?  And not just the people, but all of His creation (the animals) as well?

As the Lord describes Nineveh, He uses the phrase “more than a hundred and twenty thousand people who cannot tell their right hand from their left”.  Some scholars take this to mean that there were 120,000 young children who had not learned the difference between their left and right hands.

More scholars, however, believe this refers to the spiritual maturity of the Ninevites.  Here was Jonah, fully trained in God’s ways and Law, yet with a hardened heart toward the Lord’s grace shown to an entire city that repented.

Yet, the Lord showed grace to an entire city that had a mere child’s view and understanding of the God of the Hebrews, not even knowing, as it were, the difference between their spiritual left and right hands, knowing nothing about God’s Law.  And yet they responded as a child to the overwhelming love of their new Heavenly Father who showed grace and love toward them.

May we experience God’s love and grace today, even if it’s just for 24 hours as Jonah did.

And may we freely share God’s love with those who are opposed to God, not desiring evil on them when they turn to Christ.

After all, we were once enemies of God before we repented and became His sons and daughters.

We finish the book of Jonah where we started – with God’s love and grace abounding.


Jonah 4:1-4

But to Jonah this seemed very wrong, and he became angry. He prayed to the Lord, “Isn’t this what I said, Lord, when I was still at home? That is what I tried to forestall by fleeing to Tarshish. I knew that you are a gracious and compassionate God, slow to anger and abounding in love, a God who relents from sending calamity. Now, Lord, take away my life, for it is better for me to die than to live.”

But the Lord replied, “Is it right for you to be angry?”
(Jonah 4:1-4 NIV)

Last time we walked through Chapter 3, as God gave Jonah a second chance to obey.  God called Jonah once again to go preach to the Ninevites, and Jonah obeyed.  After Jonah’s first day of preaching, the entire city, including the king, repents and turns to the Lord.  God then spares Nineveh the punishment He had for them because they repented and turned to the God of the Hebrews.

So what would your attitude be if you preached to a wicked city, and after the first day, the entire city turned to the Lord?  You and I would likely be amazed, be jumping for joy, and worshiping the Lord with all our might, praising Him for what He had done!

So what was Jonah’s attitude to Nineveh repenting, and to God’s relenting of the destruction He had planned?

Jonah was MAD!

Jonah’s response gives us some insight into the tone of his message to the Ninevites.  Jonah’s words were not a proclamation of love, but of hatred and disdain.  Jonah didn’t want the Ninevites saved; he wanted them dead.

Jonah knew God quite well – and we see Jonah’s reasoning for his earlier disobedience as he prayed:

“Isn’t this what I said, Lord, when I was still at home? That is what I tried to forestall by fleeing to Tarshish. I knew that you are a gracious and compassionate God, slow to anger and abounding in love, a God who relents from sending calamity.” (v. 2)

How quickly Jonah had forgotten his earlier prayer from inside the fish (2:1-9), pleading for God to rescue him, begging for God’s grace and mercy.

Notice how many times Jonah says “I” in verse 2… sounds like Jonah was having a pity party, doesn’t it?

Of course, you and I would never be so inwardly focused and self-absorbed, would we?

In verse 3, Jonah tells God to just kill him; he does not want to go on with life.  I think the translators were being kind to Jonah here.  In reading several scholars, it seems that Jonah’s attitude and sentiments were more like “Rescue Nineveh over my dead body, God!”

Just as God showed grace and mercy on Nineveh when the city repented, God shows grace toward Jonah and does not grant his request.  God answers Jonah and asks him in a kind tone, “Is it right for you to be angry?”

God is asking Jonah, “Is my doing good toward Nineveh displeasing to you, Jonah?”

In Jonah’s world, bad behavior should lead to bad consequences.  Justice should be administered, and the Ninevites had it coming big time.  AN eye for an eye was the law of the land.  According to God’s Law, that was certainly the case.

Except for God’s intervention of grace.

How often do we want God to intervene on our behalf, when we’ve been wronged, or others that we love and care for have suffered at the hands of bad people?

But when the bad people repent, do we still hold on to our hatred, our demand for justice, or wanting to see things made right again?

When it comes to matters of eternal life, God shows His heart of compassion toward even the worst of sinners, as exemplified by the people of Nineveh.  Remember, one sin is just as offensive to a holy God as a million sins are.  There are no degrees of comparison to one another that will justify our behavior before God.   His standard is sinlessness perfection; the standard is Himself.

God’s love for people is not just in the Old Testament, in Jonah’s day; His love for people like you and I is extended into the New Testament as well.  Listen to Peter’s words:

The Lord is not slow in keeping his promise, as some understand slowness. Instead he is patient with you, not wanting anyone to perish, but everyone to come to repentance.
(1 Peter 3:9 NIV)

May we remember God’s heart for the Ninevites, and for us, and for others.

May we extend that same grace to others as God has given grace to us.